Introduction
Software
Trackers
Creating with MakeTorrent2
Creating with µTorrent
Sharing
Important things to remember

Introduction

A .torrent file is what you will need to create in order to start making torrents. It is also the file you download when you want to download something. They are usually very small in size, just a few kbs.

A .torrent file just contains information relating to the end file you are looking to share – information such as the file title, overall size, the amount of pieces the file has been broken down into and how big they are, the tracker tracking the file etc etc etc.

When you open a .torrent file with your torrent client, the file tells your client what tracker it needs to connect to, and tells the tracker what file you are looking to share. You are then able to begin sharing.

It would be impossible for me to write a complete guide on how to create and upload torrents as there are different ways of doing it dependant on the client you use and the site you want to upload to. But below you will find an overall guide and information on how to do it in one of the ways possible.

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Software

There are two main solutions to create torrent files, one is to use specific BitTorrent clients that also give you the ability to create torrents like µTorrent or Azureus, the other is to use something like Make Torrent 2 which is designed solely to make torrents and nothing else. I use µTorrent as it is very simple and easy.

As all clients are different I wont try to give instructions on them each, but below are instructions for Make Torrent 2 and µTorrent.

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Trackers

A tracker is the thing that keeps track(!) of what files people are sharing, how much of it they have downloaded/uploaded and what pieces of the file are available in the swarm. It will also keep a record of the amount of data you have uploaded and downloaded.

The tracker does not actually host the file you want to download, merely information on how it can be shared in the form of a .torrent file. In order to successfully make a .torrent file, you will need an announce url. The announce url you use will be dependant on the tracker that you are going to use for your torrent. Each tracker has it’s own announce url, the two go together as a pair.

If you don’t know what tracker and announce url to use, why not use a freely available public tracker. It is “public” because anyone is allowed to use it. Search for a Public Tracker.

All you have to do with this tracker is use the announce URL to make the torrent. You don’t need to upload the torrent to the tracker at all, just post the torrent on a forum or site of your choice for others to download from.

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Making a .torrent using MakeTorrent2

  1. Create a folder and call it something similar to the file you are looking to share (or at least make it recognizable for future use). Open this folder and create another folder inside it, also with the same or something very similar name to the file you are looking to share. Open this folder and put the file you want to share inside it. The name of this second folder will be the name of the .torrent file you create, and ultimately share, so this is why you need to make it descriptive of the file it contains.
  2. Open Make Torrent 2 and click on the “classic” tab (this just changes the view) if you aren’t on it already
  3. Next to the field called “Filename or Pathname” click on the “dir” button. Make sure the “1 torrent from entire folder” button is checked.
  4. Now locate the folder that your file is in and click “ok”
  5. You should now see the pathname of the folder which contains your file for sharing in the “Filename or Pathname” field.
  6. Add the announce url into the “Tracker” field (if you don’t have an announce url then go back a stage and follow the instructions on how to find one)
  7. Now click “Create .torrent now!” button
  8. Make Torrent 2 will now create a .torrent file for you. This will take longer for big files. Once it has finished hit the “Finish” button! We did it this way to make life easier in the long run. When people go to download your file later, they will download a copy of the folder you created and the files that it contains.

It’s also useful to do things this way as you will have a copy of the .torrent file in the same parent folder as the file you are looking to share, this can be very handy when uploading or seeding again at a later stage as everything is in the same place.

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Create a .torrent using µTorrent

  1. Create a folder and call it something similar to the file you are looking to share (or at least make it recognizable for future use). Open this folder and create another folder inside it, also with the same or something very similar name to the file you are looking to share. Open this folder and put the file you want to share inside it. The name of this second folder will be the name of the .torrent file you create, and ultimately share, so this is why you need to make it descriptive of the file it contains.
  2. Open µTorrent and navigate “File > Create new torrent”
  3. Click “Add Directory”, locate the folder on your hard-drive and click “ok”
  4. Add the announce url into the “Tracker URL” field. If you don’t have an announce url then go back a stage and follow the instructions on how to find one.
  5. note: Start Seeding option – Use this option to automatically load the torrent into µTorrent ready for seeding once you have created the .torrent file. It’s a handy option but not recommended for some trackers, especially those which use a Passkey system.
  6. note: Private Torrent option – This should be enabled if you intend to use a Private tracker for the torrent. A private tracker is one which requires registration. If you don’t enable this option, it will allow some clients to connect to the torrent swarm through your client, completely bypassing the tracker (and any stats that may be recorded). If you are using a public tracker you do not need this option.
  7. Click “Create and save as”. µTorrent will now make your torrent and then ask you where to save it. You might have a special folders for torrents, or you may prefer to keep the torrents in the same place as the folder it relates to. Either way don’t forget where you put it!

We did it this way to make life easier in the long run. When people go to download your file later, they will download a copy of the folder you created and the files that it contains.

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Sharing

Now you’ve made your .torrent file you will need to let everyone else know what you have to share. To do this you will need to upload it to a forum or other BitTorrent site. As each forum and site have different ways of uploading you will need to refer to the instructions given on that site.

This might include uploading to a tracker as well as a forum. Some forums have integrated trackers and if that’s the case, you just need to upload to the forum. If the site does not have its own tracker, or has a separate one, then you need to upload the torrent you made to both the tracker and the forum.

Once you have uploaded your .torrent file to a site or forum you will need to make sure it is also in your client and ready for seeding. One way of doing this is to double click on the .torrent file and open it with your BitTorrent client.

You can also just click on the file you uploaded and choose to open it with your client like you would when you go to download someone else’s file for sharing. Your client will ask you where you want to save the file for “download”. Make sure you select the same folder which already contains your file. Your client will then check that folder, realise you already have the file and automatically begin seeding it (well, this is how it works with most mainstream clients). If you are unsure on this stage have a look at the authors website of your client for more information.

That’s it! You have just created a .torrent file and uploaded it for others to share. As long as it is in your client and ready for seeding (and the tracker is working), you will begin to upload that file whenever someone else goes to download it.

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Important things to remember

In order to successfully create a torrent swarm for your file you may have to seed it continuously for maybe a few days, especially for large files. Once someone has downloaded it they may not continue to seed (bad people) in which case you will have to carry on for a while longer.

You are not invisible when you are in a swarm. Others, including copyright owners if they so wished, can see your IP when you are downloading or uploading a file.

If you upload a torrent site which has a forum attached then make sure you give as much description on the file you are sharing as possible! Try to give the title, file size, platform, genre and description at all times. You may want to also link to another site that gives more information on that file.

Torrent sites and trackers themselves die, that’s just their nature!

Trackers can come under huge load very quickly sometimes and then they become unstable, torrent sites and forums can be shut down sometimes for legal reasons.

The speed at which you upload to others is determined by things such as the Seed to Peer ratio, your upload bandwidth and of course your peers download bandwidth.

REMEMBER – ULTIMATELY YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CONTENT OF ANY UPLOADS

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